Some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. The red-billed buffalo-weaver is the largest weaver in South Africa, at 23 cm. Female has olive-yellow head, breast; yellow lower-belly, brown eyes. Female and nonbreeding male have mainly brownish upperparts; cream-colored underparts. In Africa’s Kalahari Desert, sparrow-sized birds called Sociable Weavers create enormous nesting structures that act like avian apartment complexes, housing weaver families by the hundreds. Ploceidae is a family of small passerine birds, many of which are called weavers, weaverbirds, weaver finches and bishops. These two species are quite similar with black bodies, … For more detail, see list of Ploceidae species. Most species weave nests that have narrow entrances, facing downward. The sociable weavers of Africa build apartment-house nests, in which 100 to 300 pairs have separate flask-shaped chambers entered by tubes at the bottom. Materials used for building nests include fine leaf fibers, grass, and twigs. The breeding male Black-breasted Weaver has bright yellow crown; black upper-breast; rest underparts whitish. [7], Communal Philetairus nests in central Namibia, Pseudonigrita nest in Kenya, with entrance below, Black-breasted weaver nest suspended from grass, India, A baya weaver on his unfinished nest, northern India, Nests of a baya weaver colony suspended from a palm tree, India, Male Quelea at nest concealed in thorny Senegalia shrub, Red bishop constructing a nest in reeds, South Africa, Nests of a colony of Sakalava weavers, Madagascar, Spherical village weaver nests suspended from a palm tree, West Africa, A southern masked weaver building his nest, Namibia. In most recent classifications, Ploceidae is a clade, which excludes some birds that have historically been placed in the family, such as some of the sparrows, but which includes the monotypic subfamily Amblyospizinae. Unlike many weavers, it has the same plumage all year. Male has black throat. The adult male is yellow with black throat (edged rusty), face, and bill, and variable black mottling on the back. The family is believed to have originated in the mid-Miocene. They sometimes cause crop damage, notably the red-billed quelea, reputed to be the world's most numerous bird. Although weavers are named for their elaborately woven nests, some are notable for their selective parasitic nesting habits instead. The following genera are currently classified within the family Ploceidae. [7] Weavers get their name because of their elaborately woven nests. The males of many species in this family are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black. Fry, C.H. Ploceidae is a family of small passerine birds, many of which are called weavers, weaverbirds, weaver finches and bishops. In Africa’s Kalahari Desert, sparrow-sized birds called Sociable Weavers create enormous nesting structures that act like avian apartment complexes, housing weaver families by the hundreds. The nests vary in size, shape, material used, and construction techniques from species to species. Female has greenish-yellow upperparts; yellowish throat fading to off-white on belly; red-brown eyes..Non-breedinb male resemble female but retains the red eyes. [3][4] These species are not closely related to the sparrows (Passeridae) nor to the Emberizidae, according to Luis Allende and colleagues. [1] All birds of the Ploceidae are native to the Old World, most in Africa south of the Sahara, though a few live in tropical areas of Asia. VII. The two species of black buffalo weavers are large, noisy birds of drier areas of East and southern Africa. The Black-billed Weaver has mainly black plumage; black bill; yellow head. [8][9], A nest in the early stages of construction, Adult Sporopipes at its spherical grass nest, placed in a shrub, Plocepasser nest in Namibia, for year-round occupation. As the name suggests, they are excellent weavers, as can be seen in their intricately woven nests – some of them entire colonies stuck together. Weaver birds (Ploceidae is their scientific name and they are related to finches), are found pretty much everywhere in sub-Saharan Africa. The Gray-capped Social-Weaver has mainly liver-colored plumage; pale gray crown; dark gray bill; whitish eye-ring; some black in the wings. Sociable weaver on his nest, Kgalagadi, South Africa. Many weaver species are gregarious and breed colonially. Female similar, but not black bib. The eyes are pale and the bill is on the large side for a weaver. Hanging nest, Hargeysa, Somaliland, July 2019. Breeding male has yellow head and underparts; white eyes. In most recent classifications, Ploceidae is a clade, which excludes some birds that have historically been placed in the family, such as some of the sparrows, but which includes the monotypic subfamily Amblyospizinae. The family Ploceidae was introduced (as Ploceïdes) by the Swedish zoologist Carl Jakob Sundevall in 1836. Weaver, also called weaverbird, any of a number of small finchlike birds of the Old World, or any of several related birds that are noted for their nest-building techniques using grass stems and other plant fibres.

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