Edith Cavell and Marie Depage, Remember 1915 commemorative medal. Recruitment numbers in Britain rose from 5,000 to 10,000 a week after her death. However, 17th March 2020 marks the centenary of the public unveiling of her Grade I listed stone memorial by Queen Alexandra in 1920, which can still be viewed today – standing a stone's throw away from Trafalgar Square in St Martin's Place. The words 'fortitude', 'sacrifice' and 'humanity' are engraved onto the plinth beneath the lifelike statue of Cavell, who stands in her nurse's uniform in calm defiance. However, Edith fearlessly helped fugitives and prisoners of war to flee undetected. It is not enough to love one's own people, one must love all men and hate none.'. Her unjust death provoked further contempt towards the Germans across the world, and Edith quickly became a symbol of Allied resistance and a Christian martyr. Edith Cavell, wearing Red Cross uniform, as her spirit rises in the form of an angel c.1865–1915, photograph showing Cavell (seated centre) among a group of her multinational student nurses whom she trained in Brussels, Imperial War Museums, c.1865–1915, photograph showing Cavell (seated centre) among a group of her multinational student nurses whom she trained in Brussels, Imperial War Museums. The unveiling of George Frampton's statue of Edith Cavell Life's race well run, life's work well done. Edith Cavell was the first of four siblings born in the small village of Swardeston, England on Dec. 4, 1865. Although Edith became a celebrity in Britain in the 1910s, her remarkable story is less familiar today. At her two-day trial, she was charged with treason and sentenced to death by a German judge on 11th October 1915. 1919. Art UK has updated its cookies policy. ', Edith Cavell (1865–1915) Your feedback will inform how we grow Art UK in the future. While there she ended up running a secular training school for nurses, an unprecedented position as previously nuns were usually the only women allowed to work in infirmaries. To find out more read our updated Use of Cookies policy and our updated Privacy policy. St Martin's Place, Westminster, Central London, The Royal London Hospital Museum & Archives, Art Matters podcast: rediscovering colour in classical sculptures, Deeds Not Words: commemorating the women’s suffrage movement through statues, Commemorating the First World War in twenty-first-century sculpture, Anne Seymour Damer: the 'Sappho' of sculpture, Remembrance in bronze and stone: memorials of the First World War, Mapping cultural memory through public monuments, Elizabeth Butler: painter of battle scenes from Waterloo to the First World War, Monuments, statues and street furniture: the wonderful world of public sculpture, Art Matters podcast: the Monuments Men and preserving art during war, A quest to end war: the Paris Peace Conference 1919, Lesbian love and coded diaries: the remarkable story of Anne Lister, Created in Conflict: British soldier art from the Crimean War to today, The lady with the lamp: celebrating 200 years of Florence Nightingale, Not fighting the good fight: war memorials, disability and guilt, Behind the creative process of Richard Deacon, Prunella Clough: stacks, structures and spaces, Charles Delorme: French physician and inventor of the 'plague prevention costume', 'Death does not conquer me': the poetry and painting of Isaac Rosenberg, Clare 'Tony' Atwood: the modest musketeer, Sandham Memorial Chapel: Stanley Spencer's visions of war, Showcasing the nation's art online during the COVID-19 outbreak, Between the humorous and the serious: the works of Simon Black at the Royal Free Hospital, Women of the wars: five female artists who depicted women's contributions, Ruffles, frills and smoking-hot suffragettes: the art of Edwardian fashion, Art UK Home School: telling stories through sculpture with Hazel Reeves, Art as therapy: highlighting artworks in NHS collections, The Funeral Service of Edith Cavell at Westminster Abbey, 15 May 1919, National Council of Women of Great Britain and Ireland. In August 1915, the Germans arrested her and she confessed to everything. The modernist 10-feet high monument further cemented Edith Cavell's legacy in granite and white marble. The words of Edward VII's widow, Queen Alexandra, were read to the congregation: 'In memory of our brave, heroic, never-to-be-forgotten Miss Cavell. She was also in demand as an educator and lecturer. 1870) and John Frederick Scott (1872–1923). By using this website you are agreeing to the use of cookies. William Hatherell (1855–1928) The British used her story as propaganda to recruit more soldiers and galvanise public opinion against Germany. Edith's siblings were Florence Mary (b. From Alexandra.'. 1915–1920, Cornish grey granite & white marble by George James Frampton (1860–1928), 1915–1920, Cornish grey granite & white marble by George James Frampton (1860–1928). Full name: Edith Louisa CavellBorn: 4th December 1865
Hometown: Swardeston, Norfolk, England. Without discrimination, she had cared for wounded soldiers, regardless of their nationality. He had been a key figure in the late-nineteenth-century New Sculpture movement and his other famous works included the statue of Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, and the lions at the British Museum. In 1907, Edith went to Brussels to nurse a sick child, having already spent five years working in Belgium as a governess between 1890 and 1895. c.1914. In 1910, Edith began editing Europe's first nursing journals, called L’Infirmière ('nurse'). ', Edith Cavell (1865–1915) After attending Norwich High School for Girls, she went to several boarding schools where she learned French. The medical staff responsible for containing the epidemic were so effective that Edith, alongside a dozen others, was awarded the Maidstone Medal. Nurse Edith Cavell 1865–1915 The survey should take no longer than ten minutes to complete. Wellcome Collection. Nurse Edith Cavell (1865–1915) Lydia Figes. unknown artist There, she trained under the supervision of the esteemed Matron Eva Luckes. G. Finchingford Sculpted monuments dedicated to her can also be found in Paris' Jardin des Tuileries by Gabriel Pech, and in Brussels by Paul Du Bois. The Funeral Service of Edith Cavell at Westminster Abbey, 15 May 1919 On 12th October 1915, after tirelessly caring for hundreds of wounded British, Belgian and German soldiers, and helping Allied soldiers flee the brutalities of war in German-occupied Belgium, she was shot at dawn by German firing squad – despite international outcry for her release. Art UK is the operating name of the Public Catalogue Foundation, a charity registered in England and Wales (1096185) and Scotland (SC048601). One year later, photographer Reginald Silk captured the unveiling of Frampton's statue in 1920. However, she felt her duty was to return to Brussels, where her clinic was declared 'neutral' and turned into a Red Cross facility. [Go to accessibility information]. In 1922, the National Council of Women of Great Britain and Ireland proposed to have the nurse's reported words 'patriotism is not enough' added to the memorial. Cavell was born on 4 December 1865 in Swardeston, a village near Norwich, where her father was vicar for 45 years. I must have no hatred or bitterness for anyone. Historian Anne-Marie Hughes has argued that 'Cavell's gender and non-combatant status made her an exceptionally good candidate for use in propaganda because it was more plausible to portray her as a victim and appeal to men's chivalrous urges. and privacy policy, Enter your email address below and we’ll send you a link to reset your password, I agree to the Art UK terms and conditions [Skip to content] Norfolk Museums Service. Edith Cavell (1865–1915) Although British and French civilians were ordered to return home, Edith remained to care for the wounded. [Skip to main navigation] 1867), Mary Lilian (b. She was the eldest of the four children of the Reverend Frederick Cavell (1824–1910) and his wife Louisa Sophia Warming (1835–1918). Occupation: NurseDied: 12 October 1915Best known for: Her work as a nurse in the First World War — and for being sentenced to death for helping Allied soldiers escape German territory. We want to know what you think about Art UK.

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